Managing Fire, Understanding Ourselves:  Human Dimensions in Safety and Wildland Fire

13th International Wildland Fire Safety Summit and 4th Human Dimensions of Wildland Fire
Boise Centre, Boise, Idaho, USA, April 20-24, 2015

Featured Speakers - Plenary Sessions


Disaster, Devastation, Resilience and Recovery: The Journey of Strathewen Primary School
Jane Hayward, Principal, Strathewen Primary School, Victoria, AustraliaJane Hayward

Jane lives in rural Kinglake, Victoria, Australia with her husband Paul and has two adult children who are off on their own adventures- most of the time.  Jane began teaching at age 20 in a small, rural school in northern Victoria and has since worked in a variety of school and education settings.  With almost 30 years of teaching in Victorian primary schools behind her, she is passionate about education, learning and the small school setting.  Jane’s focus on student welfare and well being underpins all that she does. 

Prior to Black Saturday, Jane taught at Middle Kinglake Primary School for ten years, before taking on the position of teaching Principal at Strathewen Primary School in 2007.  Both Middle Kinglake Primary School and Strathewen Primary School were destroyed in the 2009 bushfires.  The local area, farms, homes, community infrastructure and many of the surrounding townships were also devastated.  Jane has led her school community through some very challenging times.

As the Principal of a small school, Jane continues to teach the school’s senior class of 8-12 year olds, four days per week.

The Changing Face of Incident Management Panel Session
  • Robert R. Maynes, Deputy Assistant Chief Retired, Fire Department City of New York, Queens Borough Commander, FDNY IMT Incident Commander
  • Jim Manahan, Former Assistant Chief of Operations, FDNY and current FEMA, IMT IC (NYRegion)   
  • Pruett Small, Training Officer, Groom Creek Fire District, Prescott, Arizona
Robert Maynes

Robert Maynes recently retired from the FDNY Staff as The Queens Borough Commander and was in this position during super Storm Sandy. In this capacity he was responsible for operations, policy, training and administration for the 96 units assigned to the Borough of Queens. As a Staff Chief he served as citywide Incident Commander on a rotating schedule. He also served as a collateral assignment as Incident Commander on the FDNY Incident Management Team. He had been in this position since 2008 after serving five years as The Operations Section Chief. Additionally he possesses national qualifications as an Type-II Incident Commander, Type-I Operations Section Chief, Liaison Officer, and Type-II Safety Officer. He served for two years on a National Type-One Incident Management Team based in the Southwest. Maynes has deployed nationally to 15 incidents including the FDNY IMT response to New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina. He has thirty-four years of experience as a first responder. Maynes has a BA from Stonybrook University.

Jim Manahan Jim Manahan worked for the FDNY for over 35 years, retiring in July 2014. During his time in the Department he has held multiple ranksStarting as a firefighter In Brooklyn he has held the ranks of LieutenantCaptain, Battalion Chief, Deputy Chief, Deputy Assistant Chief and Assistant Chief. As an Assistant Chief he was second in command of FDNY Operations.During his last 12 years in the Department Jim has participated in advanced training programs that were the direct result of 9/11. Working on recommendations from the McKinsey Report and the Federal Government Jim assisted in incorporating the National Incident Command System into day to day operations of the Fire Department. He attended National Training programs to further develop his leadership skills and understanding of the National Incident Management System. Jim operated as the FDNY Incident Management Team’s Planning Section Chief in New Orleans during the crisis created by hurricane Katrina. He was also the Deputy Incident Commander during the FDNY Incident Management Team deployment to Baton Rouge Louisiana and Broome County New York.  During Superstorm Sandy he was deployed for 55 days as the Incident Commander for the IMT. He has lectured in Chicago, Phoenix, New York, San Diego, France, and England on large scale incident management. Jim is currently one the Emergency Manager Specialists at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, New York.

Pruett SmallPruett Small started his fire service career in 1979 as a wildland firefighter on the Cleveland National Forest in San Diego, California on a type 3 engine company.  In 1980 he moved to Prescott, Arizona where he worked three fire seasons on the Prescott Hot Shot crew and three fire seasons on the Prescott Helitack crew.  In 1985 he joined the Central Yavapai Fire District where he worked for 26 years and retired as the Training Chief, coordinating a regional training academy.  In 2011 Pruett joined the Groom Creek Fire District and works as a training officer.  Pruett has attended numerous National Fire Academy courses and is a graduate of Arizona State University’s Fire Service Institute. He has an A.A.S. degree in Fire Science and a Bachelor’s degree in Fire Service Management.  He has been a member of Type 1 and 2 incident management teams for the past 20 years and is qualified as a type 1 Incident Commander and as a type 1 Operations Section Chief. He has performed on over 85 Type 1 and 2 incidents.  He travels nationally and internationally teaching ICS and All-Hazard incident management team courses and develops and conducts incident management team simulations/exercises. Pruett has been married to Karen for 32 years and they live in Prescott, Arizona. 

Toddi SteelmanWildfire Policy as a Socio-ecological Problem
Toddi Steelman is Executive Director and Professor, School of Environment and Sustainability (University of Saskatchewan). Her research focuses on improving the governance of environmental and natural resources, emphasizing science, policy, and decision-making interactions. She places special emphasis on the role of the public and community in decision-making.  She is Co-director, with Dr. Branda Nowell, of the Fire Chasers project at North Carolina State University (


Global Wildland Fire Perspectives Panel Session: Agency Perspectives of Firefighter Safety and Human Dimensions in Wildland Fire Management and the Emerging Importance of this Area

  • Jim Karels, President, National Association of State Foresters (NASF) and State Forester, Florida, USA
  • Tom Harbour, Director of the Fire and Aviation Management program for the US Forest Service.  National Headquarters in Washington, D.C., USA 
  • Dick Bahr, DOI, Office of Wildland Fire Coordination, USA          
  • Alan Goodwin, Chief Fire, Officer Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, Australia
  • Adam Gossell, FireSmart Program Coordinator, Alberta Sustainable Resource Development Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Marc Castellnou, Fire Manager, Catalan Fire Service, President of Pau Costa Foundation, Spain

Tom Harbour's first experience with wildfire was firefighting in central California in 1970.  Since then, Tom has been Tom Harbourinvolved in wildland Fire and Aviation Management his entire career.  Beginning as a firefighter, Tom has had opportunities to fight, prescribe, and manage fires across the United States and internationally.  His emergency management experiences have included fires, hurricanes, earthquakes, riots, floods, and other types of disasters all across America.  His prescribed fire experience includes opportunities across the United States.  He has been a Burn Boss, an Incident Commander, and Area Commander at the highest levels of complexity.  He has a Bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering from the University of California Davis and a Bachelor of Science degree in forest management from Washington State University.  He graduated summa cum laude from the University of California at Davis and with Presidential Honors for a 4.0 GPA from Washington State University.  He has done post-graduate work at the JFK School of Government, Harvard University and the Kenan-Flagler School of Business at the University of North Carolina.  He served with faculty and leaders at the Marine Corps University, Quantico, Virginia.  The US Forest Service Fire and Aviation Management program employs over 10,000 firefighters and has a budget over $2 billion (US).  He has been happily married for over 35 years, and is a proud Father and Grandfather.

Alan Goodwin is the Chief Fire Officer, a role he has held since October 2012. Previously, Alan was the Regional Alan GoodwinDirector for the North West region of the former Department of Sustainability and Environment. Alan has 20 years’ experience working in the forest and fire industry, including roles with Forestry Tasmania. Alan's previous roles for the Victorian Government also include Assistant Chief Fire Officer and Director Planned bunting. He has been involved in several wildfire response deployments from Australia to the United States. In 2008 / 2009 Alan and his family spent 12 months living in the United States spending time at the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise, Idaho and the Office of Wildland Fire at the US Department of Interior, Washington DC.  In addition to being on the IAWF Board of Directors he is a fellow of the Australian Rural Leadership Foundation and received the Australia Fire Service Medal in 2012.

Adam GossellAdam Gossell is the FireSmart Program Coordinator for Alberta Sustainable Resource Development and works in the Wildfire Prevention Section at the Provincial Forest Fire Centre.  Adam is a Registered Professional Forester who began his career in wildfire management as a wildland firefighter and crew leader with Alberta's Initial Attack Program (Helitack).  Since then Adam’s focus has been primarily with wildfire prevention initiatives and community wildfire protection.  Adam is the past President of Partners in Protection, a not-for-profit association committed to promoting, educating and empowering others to be FireSmart and live a resilient relationship with wildfire.

Marc Castellnou Ribau, Forest Area Chief  (GRAF). Strategical Fire Analyst, Catalan Fire ServiceMarc Castellnou
Marc Castellnou is a fireman with over 25 fire seasons and over 60 large fires in Spain, France, Greece, Scotland and USA. He has extended experience in incident strategy, operation commandment and forest fire management. He introduced the concept of fire analysis in Europe, and has developped it extensively. Marc is the Forest Area Chief inside the Catalan Fire Service, where he introduced the Prescribed Burning Program. He promoted a lessons learned culture, and a shift towards fire management and strategical decision-making in forest fires.Marc has been working in fire management projects all over Europe.Marc is founder and Chairman of Pau Costa Foundation, a platform on forest fire management, as well as an instrument to divulgate and investigate in fire ecology.

Jim Karels, President, National Association of State Foresters (NASF) and State Forester, Florida, USA
Jim Karels, State Forester, has been the Jim KarelsDirector of the Florida Forest Service since 2008. He oversees all wildland fire and land management activities and also has held the positions of Fire Chief and Assistant Director. He began his career with the division as a Forest Ranger and firefighter suppressing wildfires in 1985. He has more 30 years of experience in wildfire and emergency response and land management with the U.S. Forest Service and the Florida Forest Service.

Jim has coordinated the department's Emergency Response Program since 1995 through numerous hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, wildfire outbreaks and other emergencies. He is currently the president of the National Association of State Foresters, representing all 50 states on wildland fire issues. He also represents all states on the Wildland Fire Executive Council with the U.S. Forest Service and Department of Interior. He received his Bachelor of Science in Forest Management from the University of Minnesota.

Richard (Dick) Bahr, Deputy Director Management & Programs,DOI, Office of Wildland Fire.
Dick works in the Department of the Interior, Office of Wildland Fire where he is the Deputy Director, Management Dick Bahrand Programs. He coordinates the fuels, preparedness, response, emergency operations and wildland fire information technologies programs providing guidance, policy and oversight of the Interior Bureaus (Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, US Fish & Wildlife Service, and National Park Service) implementation of wildland fire. Prior to this he had made a career working with the National Park Service beginning in Glacier National Park as a microbiologist monitoring water and wastewater quality in 1977. He made the move into Fire Management in 1981 as a Fire Control Aide doing structural fire, fire and life safety inspections, and wildfire control.  In 1984 he chose wildland fire as a career path and accepted a permanent position as fire cache manager in Everglades National Park.  In 1987 he was westward bound to Yellowstone National Park working there in wildland fire and aviation until 1997. He then went to the Midwest-Regional Office as the Prescribed Fire Specialist building a program that treated over 30,000 acres a year.  In the summer of 1999 he headed to the Fire Management Program Center in Boise as the Fire Use Specialist overseeing the fuels and wildland fire use program at the National level.  Dick stepped up to the NPS Fire Science and Ecology program lead job in 2005. In 2014 he took his present position with the DOI, Office of Wildland Fire.


The Role and Importance of Firefighter Safety and Human Dimensions in Chief Tom TidwellFire Management 
Tom Tidwell, Chief, US Forest Service, Washington, DC, USA

Tom Tidwell has spent 33 years in the Forest Service. He has served in a variety of positions at all levels of the agency, including as district ranger, forest supervisor, and legislative affairs specialist in the Washington Office. As deputy regional forester for the Pacific Southwest Region, Tom facilitated collaborative approaches to wildland fire management, roadless area management, and other issues. As regional forester for the Northern Region, Tom strongly supported community-based collaboration in the region, finding solutions based on mutual goals and thereby reducing the number of appeals and lawsuits.

In 2009, after being named Chief, Tom set about implementing the Secretary's vision for America's forests. Under his leadership, the Forest Service is restoring healthy, resilient forest and grassland ecosystems—ecosystems that can sustain all the benefits that Americans get from their wildlands, including plentiful supplies of clean water, abundant habitat for wildlife and fish, renewable supplies of wood and energy, and more.

Such benefits are at risk from the effects of climate change, and Tom has led the way in forging a national response. Under Tom's leadership, the Forest Service has charted a national roadmap for addressing climate change through adaptation and mitigation. The Forest Service is taking steps to help ecosystems adapt to the effects of a changing climate while also taking action to mitigate climate change, partly by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Tom has facilitated an all-lands approach to addressing the challenges facing America's forests and grasslands, including the overarching challenge of climate change. Such challenges cross borders and boundaries; no single entity can meet them alone. Under Tom's leadership, the Forest Service is working with states, Tribes, private landowners, and other partners for landscape-scale conservation—to restore ecosystems on a landscape scale.